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Salivary Bioscience News

Salivary Bioscience News

Salivary Cortisol and DHEA Levels Correlate to Blood Pressure in Preterm Children

February 5, 2019

Adrenal function links to early postnatal growth and blood pressure at age 6 in children born extremely preterm Author: Watterberg KL, et al. (2018), Pediatric Research. BACKGROUND: Low birth weight in term-born individuals correlates with adverse cardiometabolic outcomes; excess glucocorticoid exposure has been linked to these relationships. We hypothesized that cortisol and adrenal androgens would correlate […]

Salivary Bioscience News

Salivary Cotinine Assay Determines Association between Second Hand Smoke and Caregiver Stress in Children

January 31, 2019

Association between second hand smoke (SHS) exposure and caregiver stress in children with poorly controlled asthma. Author: Butz AM, et al. (2018), J Asthma. OBJECTIVE: Urban children with asthma experience high rates of second hand smoke (SHS) exposure. The objective was to examine whether SHS exposure is associated with symptom frequency in children with poorly controlled […]

Salivary Bioscience News

Low Salivary Alpha-Amylase Awakening Response Associated with Reduced Professional Efficacy

January 10, 2019

Reduced professional efficacy is associated with a blunted salivary alpha-amylase awakening response. Author: Landolt K, et al. (2018), Physiol Behav. ABSTRACT: The job demands-resources model (JD-R) has shown an ability to predict worker engagement and exhaustion, yet to our knowledge, research has not been conducted that assesses the JD-R model with physiological indicators of chronic stress […]

Salivary Bioscience News

Cortisol Reactivity as a Predictor of Weight Gain Among Prenatally Drug-Exposed Girls

January 3, 2019

Cortisol reactivity and weight gain among adolescents who vary in prenatal drug exposure. Author: Armstrong B, et al. (2018), Pediatr Obes. OBJECTIVE: Low inhibitory control is linked with weight gain among youth. Inhibitory problems are associated with disruption to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis cortisol response. Increased cortisol predicts appetite and weight gain (though may be gender specific). This study hypothesized that cortisol reactivity explains […]

Salivary Bioscience News

Salivary Cotinine Suggests Infants from Low-Income Families have a Higher Smoke Exposure Risk

December 20, 2018

Magnitude and Chronicity of Environmental Smoke Exposure Across Infancy and Early Childhood in a Sample of Low-Income Children. Author: Gatzke-Kopp LM, et al. (2018), Nicotine Tob Res. INTRODUCTION: Infants and young children may be at an increased risk for second- and thirdhand exposure to tobacco smoke because of increased respiration rate and exposure to surface residue. […]

Salivary Bioscience News

Salivary Uric Acid May Be Associated with Cardiovascular Health Risks in African Americans

December 17, 2018

Salivary uric acid: Associations with resting and reactive blood pressure response to social evaluative stress in healthy African Americans. Author: Woerner J, et al. (2018), Psychoneuroendocrinology. ABSTRACT: High levels of uric acid are associated with greater risk of stress-related cardiovascular illnesses that occur disproportionately among African Americans. Whether hyperuricemia affects biological response to acute stress remains largely […]

Postdoctoral Scholar Employment Opportunity at UCI’s IISBR

December 12, 2018

The Institute for Interdisciplinary Salivary Bioscience Research (IISBR) at the University of California, Irvine invites applications for a non-tenure track appointment as a Postdoctoral Scholar. The initial position will be for a two-year period. The position is grant funding and may be renewed annually. The Scholar will work with an interdisciplinary team to analyze and […]

Salivary Bioscience News

Salivary Hormonal Responses Related to Menstrual Cycle

November 6, 2018

Menstrual cycle phase predicts women’s hormonal responses to sexual stimuli. Author: Shirazi TN, et al. (2018), Horm Behav. ABSTRACT: A robust body of research has demonstrated shifts in women’s sexual desire and arousal across the menstrual cycle, with heightened desire and arousal coincident with heightened probability of conception (POC), and it is likely that ovarian hormones modulate […]

Salivary Bioscience News

Salivary Estradiol Corresponds to Genetic Influences for Binge Eating in Pubescent Girls

October 24, 2018

Estrogen moderates genetic influences on binge eating during puberty: Disruption of normative processes? Author: Klump KL, et al. (2018) , J Abnorm Psychol. ABSTRACT: Puberty is a critical period for changes in genetic effects for binge eating in girls. Previous twin studies show increases in genetic influences on binge eating from prepuberty (∼0%) to midpuberty and […]

Salivary Bioscience News

Salivary Cortisol and Alpha-Amylase Connection in Mother-Infant Interactions

October 19, 2018

Ecologically salient stressors and supports and the coordination of cortisol and salivary alpha-amylase in mothers and infants. Author: Hibel LC, et al. (2018), Physiology and Behavior. ABSTRACT: This study examines the integration of the two main branches of the stress response system: the autonomic nervous system (via salivary alpha-amylase, sAA) and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (via cortisol). Mothers (n = 117) were […]