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Salivary TNF-Alpha

Technical Summary

Analyte Summary
Analyte: Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha
Aliases: TNF-Alpha, TNF-α, cachectin
Serum-Saliva Correlation: NA
Optimum Collection Volume: 425 μL*
*Add 300 µl to the total volume of all tests for liquid handling
Assay Summary
Methodology: ELISA
Sensitivity: 0.106 pg/mL
Assay Range: --------------------
Assay Type: Quantitative

Collect Saliva Samples

TNF-ALPHA SALIVA COLLECTION CONSIDERATIONS

Better results begin with better saliva collection. This collection protocol features general considerations to maximize salivary TNF-Alpha analysis. Use this analyte specific collection protocol to plan your collection methodology and sampling schemes.

APPROVED SALIVARY TNF-ALPHA COLLECTION METHODS

Test Saliva Samples

@ Salimetrics
Salimetrics SalivaLab - Easy & Accurate
Order Code (lab): 5291
Transport Requirements: Ship on Dry Ice
Related Panels and Profiles: Salivary Cytokine Panel
@ Your Own Lab
Salimetrics Assay Kits - Better Results

The validated method used by Salimetrics is proprietary and not available in assay kit form at this time.

Add DNA Analysis to My Study

Considerations for adding Salivary DNA to analyte Studies:

You can combine salivary analytes with easy, accurate, and affordable genomic testing using Salimetrics SalivaLab and the same sample that you are already collecting – no specialized saliva collection devices or additional samples are required.

Don’t know what SNPs are right for you? The SalivaLab’s DNA team specializes in genetic testing services, we recommend you Request a DNA Consult (gratis) to learn more about common considerations such as # of samples, participant ethnicity, and IRB Approval.

All DNA Services

DNA Extraction and Normalization
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) Genotyping
VNTR & STR Analysis

References & Salivary TNF-Alpha Research

      1. Czermak, B.J., Sarma, V., Bless, N.M., et al. (1999).  In vitro and in vivo dependency of chemokine generation on C5a and TNF-α.  J Immunol, 162(4), 2321-25.
      2. Tanabe, K., Matsushima-Nishiwaki, R., Yamaguchi, S., et al. (2010).  Mechanisms of tumor necrosis factor-α-induced interleukin-6 synthesis in glioma cells.  J Neuroinflammation, 7, 16.
      3. Sternberg, E.M. (2006).  Neural regulation of innate immunity: A coordinated nonspecific host response to pathogens.  Nat Rev Immunol, 6(4), 318-28.
      4. Heller, R.A., Krönke, M. (1994).  Tumor necrosis factor receptor-mediated signaling pathways.  J Cell Biol, 126(1), 5-9.)
      5. Mastroeni, P., Ménager, N. (2003).  Development of acquired immunity to Salmonella.  J Med Microbiol, 52(pt 6), 453-59.
      6. Goodsell, D.S. (2006).  The molecular perspective: Tumor necrosis factor.  Oncologist, 11(1), 83-4.
      7. Giannobile, W.V., Beikler, T., Kinney, J.S., et al. (2009). Saliva as a diagnostic tool for periodontal disease: Current state and future directions.  Periodontology 2000, 50, 52-64.
      8. Torre-Amione, G., Kapadia, S., Lee, J., et al. (1996).  Tumor necrosis factor-α and tumor necrosis factor receptors in the failing human heart.  Circulation, 93(4), 704-11.
      9. Kulkarni, K., Selesniemi, K, Brown, T.L. (2006). Interferon-gamma sensitizes the human salivary gland cell line, HSG, to tumor necrosis factor-alpha induced activation of dual apoptotic pathways.  Apoptosis, 11(12), 2205-15.
      10. Wu, A.J., Chen, Z.J., Tsokos, M. et al (1996),  Interferon-gamma induced cell death in a cultured human salivary gland cell line. J Cell Physiol, 167(2), 297-304.
      1. Fernandes, J.C., Martel-Pelletier, J., Pelletier, J.P. (2002). The role of cytokines in osteoarthritis pathophysiology.  Biorheology, 39(1-2), 237-46.
      2. Sun, D., Emmert-Buck, M.R., Fox, P.C. (1998).  Differential cytokine mRNA expression in human labial minor salivary glands in primary Sjögren’s syndrome.  Autoimmunity, 28(3), 125-37.
      3. Fox, R.I., Kang, H.I, Ando, D., et al. (1994).  Cytokine mRNA expression in salivary gland biopsies of Sjögren’s syndrome.  J Immunol, 152(11), 5532-39.