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Salivary Bioscience News

*Note: Salimetrics provides this information for research use only (RUO). Information is not provided to promote off-label use of medical devices. Please consult the full-text article.

Salivary Bioscience News

Nonhuman primates mirror human early life adversity & salivary cortisol/alpha-amylase responses

Effects of early life adversity on cortisol/salivary alpha-amylase symmetry in free-ranging juvenile rhesus macaques. Author: Petrullo LA, et al (2016), Horm Behav. Early life adversity (ELA) affects physiological and behavioral development. One key component is the relationship between the developing Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) axis and the Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS). Recent studies suggest a relationship between […]

Salivary Bioscience News

Sex hormone variations in both sexes may be important when investigating stress physiology

Sex hormones adjust “sex-specific” reactive and diurnal cortisol profiles. Author: Author: Juster, et al (2015), Psychoneuroendocrinology Sex differences in stress hormone functions are presumed to depend on sex hormones. And yet, surprisingly few psychoneuroendocrine studies actually assess within-sex variations of testosterone, estradiol, and progesterone when investigating sex-specific activities of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. In this methodological […]

Salivary Bioscience News

Latent Trait Cortisol level reflects accumulation of both distal and recent forms of stress

Individual differences in early adolescents’ latent trait cortisol (LTC): Relation to recent acute and chronic stress. Author: Stroud CB, et al (2016), Psychoneuroendocrinology Research suggests that environmental stress contributes to health by altering the regulation of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis. Recent evidence indicates that early life stress alters trait indicators of HPA axis […]

Salivary Bioscience News

40 years of testosterone in biosociology research

Testosterone in biosociology: A memoir Author: Mazur (2016), Hormones and Behavior The author looks back at his four decades of research on testosterone in the context of biosociology – its accomplishments, pitfalls, outstanding questions, and future directions. View Abstract Keywords: Testosterone

Salivary Bioscience News

Inconsistencies limit randomized controlled trials measuring salivary diurnal cortisol

Use of Salivary Diurnal Cortisol as an Outcome Measure in Randomised Controlled Trials: a Systematic Review. Author: Ryan, et al (2015), Annals of Behavioral Medicine BACKGROUND: Dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is associated with diverse adverse health outcomes, making it an important therapeutic target. Measurement of the diurnal rhythm of cortisol secretion provides a […]

Salivary Bioscience News

Salivary bioscience enables anabolic hormone profiles in elite military men

Anabolic hormone profiles in elite military men. Author: Taylor MK, et al (2016), Steroids. This study recently characterized the awakening responses and daily profiles of the catabolic stress hormone cortisol in elite military men. Anabolic hormones follow a similar daily pattern and may counteract the catabolic effects of cortisol. This companion report is the first […]

Salivary Bioscience News

Cardiovascular health disparities and psychosocial factors that influence stress reactivity

A Preliminary Experimental Examination of Worldview Verification, Perceived Racism, and Stress Reactivity in African Americans Author: Lucas, et al (2016), Health Psychology This preliminary examination considers how experiencing injustice can affect perceived racism and biological stress reactivity among African Americans. Guided by worldview verification theory, it was hypothesized that responses to receiving an unfair outcome […]

Salivary Bioscience News

The Role of Salivary Bioscience in the Social Neuroscience of Human-Animal Interaction (HAI)

Ch. 9 – Advancing the Social Neuroscience of Human-Animal Interaction: The Role of Salivary Bioscience Author: Dreschel and Granger (2016), The Social Neuroscience of Human–Animal Interaction There have been recent calls to increase the number of sound scientific studies, including the integration of valid and repeatable biobehavioral measures of both short- and long-term effects. Technical […]

Salivary Bioscience News

Salivary cortisol and the effects of child care on development in high & low risk contexts

Child Care and Cortisol Across Infancy and Toddlerhood: Poverty, Peers, and Developmental Timing Author: Berry, et al (2016), Family Relations Evidence suggests that relations between child care and children’s development—behaviorally and physiologically—likely differ between children from high- versus low-risk contexts. Using 1,155 participant data from the Family Life Project, the authors tested (a) whether within- […]

Salivary Bioscience News

Review: How negative parent-child relationships affect the biological stress system

Family relations, stress, and vulnerability: Biobehavioral implications for prevention and practice Author: Ha, et al (2016), Family Relations Developmental psychobiology research supports the hypothesis that individual differences in biological stress systems that are sensitive to environmental experiences are associated with individual adjustment problems. Negative social experiences, especially in family contexts, contribute to the dysregulation of […]

Salivary Bioscience News

Early adversity contributes to lower latent trait salivary cortisol (LTC) levels in adolescence

Individual differences in early adolescents’ latent trait cortisol (LTC): Relation to early adversity Author: Stroud CB, et al (2016), Developmental Psychobiology Substantial evidence suggests that youth who experience early adversity exhibit alterations in hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis functioning, thereby increasing risk for negative health outcomes. However, few studies have explored whether early adversity alters […]

Salivary Bioscience News

Interaction of HPA axis and ANS arousal in youth may predict behavior problems

Hypothalamic pituitary adrenal activity and autonomic nervous system arousal predict developmental trajectories of children’s comorbid behavior problems. Author: Chen FR, et al (2015), Developmental Psychobiology The combined effects of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity and autonomic nervous system (ANS) arousal were examined on developmental trajectories of children’s comorbid internalizing and externalizing problems. Participants included 394 urban […]

Salivary Bioscience News

In utero infant’s stress response system impacted by mother’s psychological & physiological state

Developmental origins of infant stress reactivity profiles: A multi-system approach. Author: Rash JA, et al (2016), Developmental Psychobiology This study tested the hypothesis that maternal physiological and psychological variables during pregnancy discriminate between theoretically informed infant stress reactivity profiles. The sample size included 254 women and their infants. Maternal mood, salivary cortisol, respiratory sinus arrhythmia […]

Salivary Bioscience News

Sympathetic and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal asymmetry in generalized anxiety disorder

Developmental origins of infant stress reactivity profiles: A multi-system approach. Author: Reeves JW, et al (2016), Psychophysiology Physiologic investigations of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) have skewed toward assessment of the autonomic nervous system, largely neglecting hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis variables. Although these systems coordinate, suggesting a degree of symmetry, to promote adaptive functioning, most studies opt […]

Salivary Bioscience News

Salivary testosterone / salivary cortisol ratio may predict a team player’s social popularity

Long-term stability of diurnal salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase secretion patterns Author: Ponzi D, et al (2016), Psychoneuroendocrinology This study tested whether testosterone and cortisol interacted in predicting social network centrality. The sample size consisted of 41 male rugby athletes from Burnaby, Canada. Using social network analysis (SNA), three measures of centrality were investigated: popularity (i.e., […]

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